Inquiry Design Model (IDM) Blueprint™
To Build A Fire
NDNAEU 1 “Sacred Relatives”
Compelling QuestionAfter reading Jack London’s “To Build a Fire,” how does the main character come to the understanding that nature has authority over man?
Standards and Practices9-10 Key Ideas and Details RL.3
Analyze how and why characters and/or textual elements develop and interact over the course of a text:
a. Analyze how complex characters and/or literary elements (e.g., characters with multiple or conflicting motivations; symbolism, mood, setting, etc. in poetry) develop over the
course of a text, interact with other elements, and advance the plot or develop the theme.
b. Cite strong and thorough textual evidence.
Staging the QuestionWhat is the relationship between man and nature? Does man have the ability to control natural forces? If so, in what way?
Supporting Question 1 Supporting Question 2 
In what ways could the main character have been better prepared for his hike?How does the main character change throughout the course of the story?
Formative Performance TaskFormative Performance Task
Watch Angeline Fourth Iron Road’s interview called “Getting Ready for Winter,” and journal about the importance of knowing the obstacles that may arise during a cold winter season.

Analyze the character’s thoughts about his trip before he begins his journey, and then compare them to his beliefs about the cold at the conclusion of the story. Use class discussions, shorter writings (eg. journals, reactions, paragraphs) or a five-paragraph essay describing how this develops throughout the course of the story, citing textual evidence.
Featured SourcesFeatured Sources
Video interview with Dakota Elder Angeline Fourth Iron Road.
“To Build a Fire” text
SUMMATIVE PERFORMANCE TASK: Supported Claim (written/spoken) or Demonstration of Process (project-based)Connect examples from the short story, the video interview, and
information shared in class to develop a five-paragraph essay that shows how nature can affect man.
Have a debate with a classmate with the following guiding statement: “Nature will defeat man in all situations.”
SUMMATIVE PERFORMANCE TASK: ExtensionResearch Native American culture, and compare and contrast how different tribes approach the connection between man and nature.
Compare the Dakota Elder’s interview on preparing for winter to the individual student’s family’s preparations for winter.
Taking Informed Action / Real World ApplicationResearch natural disasters caused by human beings, and write an article for a periodical explaining the importance of respecting our natural environment in order to prevent these disasters from reoccurring.
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