Inquiry Design Model (IDM) Blueprint™
Thirteen Moons on Turtles Back
NDNAEU 1 “Sacred Relatives”, NDNAEU 2 “Learning & Storytelling”, NDNAEU 7 “Native Identity”
Compelling QuestionHow can you keep track of time if you don’t have a watch or calendar?
Standards and PracticesND Social Studies Standards:
H.K_2.1 Compare perspectives of people in the past to those of people in the present.
G.K_2.1 Describe how the physical environment affects people and how people affect the physical environment.
Staging the QuestionHow did early Indigenous people keep track of time?
Supporting Question 1 Supporting Question 2 Supporting Question 3 
Read the book, Thirteen Moons on Turtle’s Back by Joseph Bruchac. What does each legend have in common?Can you locate the geographical region of each “moon” tribe based upon clues within the legend?Why did some Native people use a turtle’s back as a calendar?
Formative Performance TaskFormative Performance TaskFormative Performance Task
Using a Venn diagram, choose two legends and list differences in each legend plus commonalities.Find the geographical location of three of the legends using clues held within the legend. Use a search engine to confirm your hunch and bookmark the website or copy and paste the link into a document.Read “A Note About This Book” on the last page of Thirteen Moons on Turtle’s Back. Using a search engine, find other moon legends or names that may not have been listed in Thirteen Moons on Turtle’s Back. Write a short summary about one of the stories that you find using your own words or make a list of other moon names and state the tribe.
Featured SourcesFeatured SourcesFeatured Sources

SUMMATIVE PERFORMANCE TASK: Supported Claim (written/spoken) or Demonstration of Process (project-based)Which moons legend originated in North Dakota? State the legend and support your reasoning with facts.
SUMMATIVE PERFORMANCE TASK: ExtensionCreate a calendar using symbols from the thirteen moons listed in Joseph Bruchac’s book.
Taking Informed Action / Real World ApplicationCompare and contrast the Indigenous moon names to the current lunar calendar.
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